Varicose veins

Frequently Asked Questions about Varicose veins

Reading time: 2 min
What are spider veins?

They are the permanent swelling of the skin capillaries and appear as small, red or violet lines. They are not very aesthetic, but are usually painless.

What signs and symptoms produce varicose veins?

Heavy legs, swelling, tiredness, itching, cramps, and also pain in the swollen or inflamed varicose veins.

Can varicose veins rupture?

Yes. They can rupture due to trauma or spontaneously due to fragility of the wall. However, the bleeding is usually not serious (although it can be abundant), and can be alleviated with compression.

Are varicose veins serious?

It depends on the type and the severity, but, in general, they are not serious. However, they can be uncomfortable and/or cause local complications that may lead to a poor quality of life.

How are varicose veins treated?

Different techniques are used depending on their location, size, dilation, and the state of the patient. The vascular surgeon will recommend the best treatment in each case.

Must varicose veins always be operated on?

No. They are normally operated on due to discomfort or due to the poor quality of life that they give. In some severe cases, the vascular surgeon may recommend surgery without having discomfort, in order to prevent future complications.

Do elastic stockings cure varicose veins?

They don’t cure them, but are used to alleviate the symptoms of the disease and to try to slow down its progression.

Can varicose veins appear depending on the position that we are in during the day?

They are not caused by standing or sitting, but those are factors that influence their development.

Do they have to be operated on or need treatment whilst pregnant and have significant varicose veins?

During pregnancy, it is particularly recommended to control weight, walk frequently, use elastic support stockings and to rest with the legs raised. In severe cases, treatment may be recommended to prevent the risk of varicophlebitis/venous thrombosis during labour and puerperium. Surgery is never indicated during pregnancy.

Substantiated information by:

Esther Armans
Xavier Yugueros

Published: 19 June 2018
Updated: 19 June 2018

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