Prognosis of the disease

Reading time: 1 min

The majority of pituitary tumours are benign and slow growing. For this reason, the prognosis is good and they are usually cured with medical or surgical treatment. However, some tumours can damage neighbouring structures and have a more aggressive behaviour, requiring multiple surgeries and more complex treatments, associated with radiotherapy and/or medical treatment.

Chronic complications of the pituitary tumour

The most common chronic complication is the presence of a hormone deficiency, or hypopituitarism. This complication is more common in the case of large and/or more aggressive tumours. If the tumour is near the optic pathways, it can lead to loss of side vision in both eyes, or double vision due to involvement of the nerves that control the eye movements.

Likewise, the hormone produced in secreting tumours can lead to a series of complications if they are not correctly treated. For example, in the case of prolactinoma, there may be infertility, changes in menstrual rhythm or a decrease in libido.

In the case of acromegaly, there may be changes in appearance that are difficult to reverse, hypertension, diabetes, shortness of breath, a higher risk of other tumours, such as polyps in the intestine, or thyroid nodules, cardiac anomalies. Cushing's disease is also associated with physical changes, weight increase, hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, and increased cardiovascular risk.

Substantiated information by:
Julia AlcazarNurse — Neurosurgery DepartmentJoaquim EnseñatNeurosurgeon — Neurosurgery DepartmentMireia MoraEndocrinologist — Endocrinology Department

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018

Subscribe

Receive the latest updates related to this content.

Thank you for subscribing!

We have received your information. Check your inbox, in a few moments you will receive a confirmation email.

An error occurred and we were unable to send your data, please try again later.