Multiple Myeloma

Prognosis for multiple myeloma

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The prognosis for multiple myeloma depends on the stage at the time of diagnosis, plasma cell cytogenetic data (a study of associated diseases caused by structural abnormalities in or irregular numbers of chromosomes) and the disease’s response to treatment. In any case, just because one treatment does not work, it does not necessarily mean that another treatment will not work perfectly and resolve the disease.

Complications of Multiple Myeloma

Acute. Unlike several other types of cancer, multiple myeloma can affect the body in several different ways. It is very important to remember that not all patients will experience all of the complications. Furthermore, effective treatments are available to mitigate them. The acute complications stem from the fact that several organs may be affected; consequently, myeloma can produce a wide variety of symptoms: low blood cell count, infections, reduced kidney function, bone fractures, high calcium levels and spinal cord compression.

Chronic. A common chronic complication, caused by certain treatments, is numbness in the hands and feet (peripheral neuropathy). Any patients who present these symptoms should discuss them with their medical team as early treatment can provide relief and reduce the intensity.

Substantiated information by:

Carlos Fernandez-Larrea
Gloria Garcia

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018

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