What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects only the innermost lining of the colon. The severity and extension of inflammation varies in each patient.
Most frequent symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis
Stools containing mucus and/or blood (rectal bleeding)
A high frequency of small volume stools
Frequent and urgent need to defecate
Fever, abdominal pain and poor overall health (due to fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss) are all indicative of the condition’s severity.
Complications associated with Ulcerative Colitis
Toxic megacolon is a severe complication in which the colon’s diameter dilates by more than 6–7 cm and may even lead to rupture. Fortunately it is very rare since therapy is rapidly intensified in cases of severe ulcerative colitis that do not respond to conventional treatment.
The warning signs for this complication are fever, tachycardia, bloating and intense abdominal pain.
The condition can be diagnosed with a plain film abdominal X-ray.
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