Bowel Disease Diagnosed diagnosis

Reading time: 2 min

Diagnosis is essential to identify not only which areas of intestine are inflamed but also the severity of the lesions; this information is then used to initiate the most appropriate treatment for each patient.

Blood extraction tube

Blood analysis. To detect parameters that establish the presence of inflammation, anaemia and/or infections.

stool analysis

Stool analysis. To diagnose concurrent infections (bacteria, parasites). There are also specific indicators that can confirm the presence of intestinal inflammation (calprotectin).

digestive endoscopy

Digestive endoscopy (gastroscopy, colonoscopy). These tests are required to confirm the diagnosis, as they provide a direct view of the intestinal mucosa (innermost layer of the intestine), and to obtain biopsy samples. They are not only essential for the diagnosis of IBD, but also when monitoring the response to treatments.
Colonoscopy provides a view of the colon (large intestine) and also, if necessary, the final section of the small intestine (terminal ileum).
Gastroscopy is used to view the oesophagus, stomach and the most proximal section of the small intestine (duodenum).

capsule endoscopy

Capsule endoscopy. This exploratory technique involves swallowing a small camera which then takes images along the entire length of the digestive tract until it is excreted through the anus. It is very useful when performing a complete study of the small intestine (segments that cannot be accessed by gastroscopy or colonoscopy).

ultrasound measurement

UltrasoundUltrasound is a radiological technique that may be necessary in some cases to determine the location of the inflammatory process and rule out other diseases with similar symptoms (e.g., appendicitis).

chest X-ray

Other radiological tests. Abdominal X-rays, computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are particularly useful when it comes to diagnosing complications (stenosis, fistulas) and identifying which areas of the intestine are affected by the disease.

Imaging tests help assess any complications, complete the study of the disease’s extension and evaluate the response to treatments.

Substantiated information by:
Marta GallegoNurse — Gastroenterology DepartmentIngrid OrdàsGastroenterologist — Gastroenterology Department

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018

Subscribe

Receive the latest updates related to this content.

Thank you for subscribing!

We have received your information. Check your inbox, in a few moments you will receive a confirmation email.

An error occurred and we were unable to send your data, please try again later.