Causes and risk factors associated with High blood pressure
The vast majority of cases correspond to what is known as primary or “essential” hypertension. Although there is no specific cause of primary hypertension, the following circumstances are among some of those known to play a crucial role in its development:
Inactivity and a sedentary lifestyle
Excessive alcohol consumption
All the factors above that are related to lifestyle cause the early onset of arterial stiffening.
Other specific, but less common, causes lead to what is known as secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension, which is much less common than the primary type, may be the result of several conditions, such as endocrine disorders, renal artery or kidney disease, sleep apnoea syndromes or hypertension associated with central nervous system disorders.
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