The diagnosis hallux valgus is made with a clinical examination. Observing, palpating and watching the patient walking can help achieve a clear diagnosis in the majority of cases. The rest of the tests are complementary and serve to firm up the diagnosis and make decisions on the treatment.
Among the complementary tests, the fundamental examination is:
Simple x-ray of the feet. This is the imaging test that provides the most information. It is made with the foot supported and putting pressure on it with the weight of the body.
In some very specific cases, other tests may be performed, such as ultrasound, a CT scan or a magnetic resonance scan. Furthermore, it may be of interest to study the gait with a plantar pressure map, or baropodometry.