Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in loss of consciousness
In the event that someone may have lost consciousness or you can see that they are pale and have warned you that they are going to pass out, the following should be done:
- Lie them down on the floor.
- Check that the person is breathing. If yes, place the head upwards.
- Lift the legs at least 30 cm from the ground.
- Loosen tight fitting clothes or belts.
- If the person vomits, place him/her on their side.
- Check if the person is still breathing, coughing or moving. These are signs of positive circulation, that is to say, that the circulation is fine. If none of these signs can be detected and there is no pulse, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be started until the emergency staff arrive.
CRP is used in those cases in which a person stops breathing or the heart stops beating.
Practical advice on CPR
- Before starting CPR, you have to ask the person, in a loud voice, if they are alright. If there is no response, CPR should be started.
- Lie the person down facing upwards on a firm surface.
- Kneel down next to the person’s neck and shoulders.
- Place the base of the palm of the hand on the centre of the chest. Put the other hand directly over the first one and interlock the fingers. Straighten your elbows, and position your shoulders directly above your hands .
- Using the weight of the upper part of your body, press down directly on the person’s chest, until at least 3.75 centimetres, if it is a child, or 5 cm, if it is an adult. Release the pressure. Continue to repeat this procedure for up to 100 times per minute. These pressures are called chest compressions.
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