What is Fever?

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Fever is the name given to an increase in body temperature. As a parameter, body temperature is perfectly controlled by the thermoregulatory centre located in the brain which acts as a thermostat and indicates the most appropriate temperature for the body given its current conditions.

Normal body temperature is considered to be 36 °C. This temperature is valid for both children and adults, although values of between 35 and 37.5 °C are also considered to be within a normal range. From a clinical perspective, fever is defined as a temperature above 37.7 °C, while high fever is when it rises above 40 °C.

Patients should visit a doctor as a matter of urgency if the fever does not subside within 48–72 hours or underarm temperature measurements exceed 40

Does it occur frequently?

Fever is a common reason for visiting emergency services. Between 6% and 10% of patients who visit emergency services complain of fever and even more so (15%–20%) in the case of patients aged over 65. The severity and consequences vary greatly depending on the feverish patient’s age and underlying condition. Young adults with fever tend to have benign illnesses that usually clear up quite quickly, whereas people aged over 65 or with chronic diseases belong to a group with a high risk of complications.

Substantiated information by:

Mar Ortega

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018

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